Wednesday, 12 May 2021

Big Gun, Small Turret

 "State Committee of Defense Decree #4873ss
January 1st, 1944

On installing 85 mm guns on T-34 tanks instead of the 76 mm F-34 gun

To improve the artillery armament of the T-34 tank, the State Committee of Defense orders to:

  1. Accept the 85 mm tank gun designed by the Central Artillery Design Bureau of the People's Commissar of Armament (comrade Grabin) into service with the Red Army under the name "85 mm tank gun model 1944 (S-53)".
  2. Starting with January of 1944, equip T-34 tanks with 85 mm model 1944 (S-53) tank guns installed in turrets on the stock turret ring instead of the 76 mm F-34 gun.
  3. Establish the following plan for transitioning the factories of the People's Commissariat of Tank Production to T-34 tanks 
    1. January: 25 units
    2. February: 100
    3. March: 300
    4. April: 800
      Starting with May of 1944 all T-34 tanks are to be produced with 85 mm guns.
  4. The NKO (comrades Yakovlev and Fedorenko) must be supplied with the following amount of 85 mm guns for arming T-34 tanks and SU-85 SPGs on the T-34 tank chassis by the People's Commissar of Armament (comrade Ustinov):
    1. January: 270 units
    2. February: 400
    3. March: 650
    4. April: 1000
    5. May: 1650
  5. To permit T-34 tank and SU-85 SPG production establish the following plan to transition to producing 85 mm guns instead of 76 mm F-34 guns:

    Factory

    Gun

    January

    February

    March

    April

    May

    92

    76 mm divisional gun ZIS-3

    1100

    1100

    1100

    1100

    1100

    57 mm anti-tank gun ZIS-2

    200

    200

    200

    200

    200

    76 mm tank gun F-34

    1150

    1000

    700

    400

    -

    85 mm tank gun model 1944 (S-53)

    35

    150

    300

    600

    950

    13

    76 mm tank gun F-34

    400

    200

    -

    -

    -

    85 mm tank gun model 1944 (S-53)

    -

    50

    150

    250

    400

    8

    85 mm AA gun

    200

    200

    200

    200

    200

    85 mm tank gun D-5

    35

    50

    100

    150

    300

    9

    122 mm howitzer M-30

    300

    300

    300

    300

    300

    85 mm gun D-5

    200

    150

    100

    -

    -

    122 mm tank gun D-25

    40

    70

    125

    160

    160

    152 mm howitzer D-1

    15

    15

    15

    15

    15


Chairman of the State Committee of Defense, 
I. Stalin

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