Penetration Calculator

Use the calculator on this page to estimate penetration for armour piercing projectiles. Read a bit more about the equations and see an example here.
Estimate:
Caliber mm
Mass kg
Velocity m/s
Penetration mm
Reference (DeMarre only):
Caliber mm
Mass kg
Velocity m/s
Penetration mm

20 comments:

  1. I'm not sure what it is but there is some problem with the right side (DeMarre) Penetration result. You have to enter a value there and then one pops into the left side (Krupp) Penetration. This is confusing.

    -m

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    1. That's intentional, but I can see how that would be confusing. I'll get around to changing it.

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  2. At what range and angle the penetration value is given?

    Is it point blank, i.e. 0 meters @ 90 degree?

    Thanks.

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    1. Depends on what range the shell achieves that velocity at. Penetration for Krupp is 90 degrees, penetration for DeMarre is at whatever your reference angle is.

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  3. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  4. Your calculator isn't working properly. When you try to get the results for the DeMarre calculation it gives you a result of "NaN"

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    1. It's working for me. Make sure to fill out all the fields in the Reference section and all fields in the Estimate section except Penetration. If it still doesn't work, post your browser and console output.

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  5. The DeMarre calculator doesn't work.
    Filled out the conditions for Calibre, Mass and Velocity but when clicking the Calculate (DeMarre) button it just gives a NaN message in the Top penetration calculator.

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    1. You need to enter reference values in the lower set of boxes if you want the DeMarre calculation.

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  6. Can you post the DeMarre equation. I can't find it anywhere

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    1. http://tankarchives.blogspot.com/2014/10/penetration-equations.html

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  7. I might not be entering the values correctly, but I am finding it very difficult to get 150mm of penetration with a 77mm shell like the 17 pounder was historically capable off.

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    1. The Krupp method does give values that are too low, but I plugged in British data for the 6-pounder (2.7 kg shell, 900 m/s muzzle velocity, 101 mm of penetration) and got 152 mm of penetration for the 17-pdr.

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  8. My Experiments.
    For HMG rounds I am seeing rather high values, for example. 15mm HMG, 0.076kg, 890mps penetration is 26mm, I am assuming ta 90° at peak velocity. This seems a bit high as MG151/15 mm cannon firing AP rounds should achieve 16mm at 30° from horizontal – which is about 18mm of armour. This is a 100m and a small round like that may lose momentum quickly, but at 500m its penetration only drops by 1mm so I am uncertain. The Germans liked using an APHE round, so this could be the cause, but the Besa has similar values. Not a major issue, but interesting.
    The 12.7mm round, in this case an AP W.Mk.1, weights 0.038kg with a velocity of 787mps can penetrate 11mm@30° - which is about 12-13mm of armour. The calculator shows 18mm. If we use an AP/T round which has a higher velocity the penetration is 20mm.
    For the 6-pounder, using the L43 version the British normally used rather than the L43 the US preferred, the APCBC round (APCBC,Mk 1T) has a velocity of 823mps and weights 3.3 penetrates 83mm. British tests show a value of 112mm@90° at 100m. This seems a bit low. If we look at the APC round (APC, Mk8T) the weight is 2.86kg and velocity is 946mps we get an 88mm value. This is more accurate as British tests show 92mm@90° at 100m. At 500m this drops to 83mm. Note: The error could be caused by converting yards to metres. Finally the APDS round, APDS Mk 1T, weights 1.42kg and has a velocity of 1151mps which comes in at 76mm. As this had a value of 120mm@60°, or about 132mm@90°, at 100m. I suspect if using exotic rounds like APDS the calculator does not work, but its acceptable for most rounds such as APHE, AP, APC, APCBC and APBC. I do not have the weight for an APDS would with sabot, perhaps if this is added in the values will look better.
    Generally this is a good attempt.

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    1. Are you using a reference round? If so, the reference round should of course be similar to the hypothetical. So WWII Soviet APCR would compare nicely with WWII German APCR.

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  9. What is DeMarre? I can't find a reference for it.

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    1. The DeMarre equation was developed to estimate penetration of naval armour. It's described in many books, I got it from WWII Ballistics - Armor and Gunnery.

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