Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Katyusha Brigade

The following is an excerpt from a document for senior Red Army commanders, designed to help them plan operations.

"Composition and armament of  a Guards M-31 Mortar Brigade

Fire squadrons: 4
Supply squadron: 1

Squadron composition:
  • Batteries: 3 (1 platoon, each with 12 launchers)
  • Total in squadron: 36 launchers
Brigade composition:
  • 144 M-31 launchers
  • 1062 people
  • 140 cars
Capability of the brigade:
  • Brigade salvo: 1152 rockets in 5-7 minutes
  • Salvo coverage: 1200x1000 meters
  • Reload time: 2 hours
  • Fortification time: 10-12 hours
  • Ammunition capacity: one salvo (carried with launchers)
  • Range: 4400 meters (4000 meters with improved precision rounds)
  • Safe distance for infantry from exploding rounds: 400 meters
The Guards Mortar Brigade is applied in one piece in the direction of the main offensive in order to destroy the front line of enemy defenses.

The brigade column length during march is up to 8 kilometers.

Composition and armament of a Guards M-13 Mortar Regiment
  • Fire squadrons: 3, 2 batteries each (1 platoon each, 4 launchers per platoon)
  • Total launchers per squadron: 8
  • Total launchers per regiment: 24
  • People: 672
  • Cars: 132
Capability of the regiment:
  • Regimental salvo: 384
  • Salvo coverage: 800x700 meters
  • Reload time: 6-10 minutes
  • Fortification time: 10 hours
  • Ammunition capacity: 4 salvos (total 1536 shells) carried with launchers
  • Range: 8470 meters (8000 meters with improved precision round)
  • Safe distance for infantry from exploding rounds: 300 meters
The Guards Mortar Regiment is applied in one piece in the direction of the main offensive in order to destroy field fortifications and enemy manpower both on the front lines and in depth of enemy defenses.

The regiment column length during march is up to 6 kilometers."

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